Reading Music Lesson #42: 1st And 2nd Endings

reading music lessonAnother way repeat signs are found is with the use of 1st and 2nd endings.

This area usually has bracketed lines drawn over the top of the measures with a number “1” and a number “2” inside.

1st & 2nd Endings


Here’s What You Do

1) Start at the beginning and play or sing through the first ending until you hit the repeat sign.

2) Once you are at the repeat sign, go back to the beginning and replay or sing all of the material again until you run into the first ending.

3) Now, instead of taking the first ending, you are going to skip to the 2nd ending.

4) Go ahead and play or sing through the 2nd ending. [Read more...]

Reading Music Lesson #40: Slurs And Ties

reading music lessonSlurs and ties can be easily confused with each other since they look very similar.

So, what’s the difference?


A slur connects two or more different notes together using a curved line.


This means we are to play or sing the notes very smoothly (or legato) with no break in the sound.  There should be no silence in between the notes. [Read more...]

Reading Music Lesson #38: Dotted Half Notes

reading music lessonDotted half notes look just like what they are called…a half note with a dot beside it.

dotted half note

In order to fully understand them, we need to first learn about the dot rule.

The what rule?

Okay, I’ll be honest with you.  There is no official “dot rule” in music theory.

If you research it, you won’t find anything.

This is something my teacher shared with me many years ago and it just really makes sense.

It’s stuck with me all this time and it seems to help a lot of my own students.

He didn’t have a name for it, so I just made something up that I thought worked. [Read more...]

Major Chords For Beginner 5-Finger Piano (Ebook)

Major Chords For Beginner 5-Finger PianoThe Major Chords For Beginner 5-Finger Piano Ebook was created to help get started playing and reading tonic or I chords quickly in all major keys.

Not only does it give you the opportunity to develop stronger music reading skills, but stronger hands also.

This is a great step for the beginner who plans to work on bigger, more complicated chords later.

What’s It About?

This Ebook is a set of piano charts featuring a different major chord on each page.

Key Features:

  • The name of each major chord.
  • A diagram of a keyboard showing you how to get started.
  • The chord written on the music staff with fingering and letter names of the notes.

[Read more...]

Major Arpeggios For Beginner 5-Finger Piano (Ebook)

Major Arpeggios For Beginner 5-Finger PianoThe Major Arpeggios For Beginner 5-Finger Piano Ebook is designed to help you get started playing and reading all major arpeggios quickly.

It’s also great way to practice moving your left hand over the right while playing the piano.

Not only are you working on your music reading skills, but developing control and coordination.

What’s Inside

This Ebook is really a set of piano charts with one arpeggio printed largely on each page for easier reading.

You can practice them without the pedal first and then add in the pedal holding it down while you play an entire arpeggio. [Read more...]

Reading Music Lesson #37: The 2/4 Time Signature

Reading Music LessonThis time signature is very similar to the 3/4 time signature and the 4/4 time signature.

The main difference is having only two beats in a measure instead of three or four.

The 2/4 Time Signature

Here are the two most important things to remember:

1) The top number “2” tells us the notes and rests are organized in such a way between the bar lines that only two beats can be found in each measure.

2) The bottom number indicates that a quarter note will receive one beat.

Let’s take a look at the example below to learn how to assign the counting.

The 2/4 Time Signature

[Read more...]