D.C. al Fine Definition And The 3 Step Process

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Are you confused about what the D.C. al Fine marking in your music really means? 

Do I repeat something? Where do I go back to in the music? How do I know where the end of the song is? 

The D.C. al Fine definition will help answer a lot of these questions and many more.

But first, let’s talk about what each Italian word means in the good-old English language.

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Da Capo

The D.C. marking written in your music is actually short for Da Capo. In English, Da Capo literally means “from the beginning”.

So, when you see the “D.C.” placed at what you might think is the end of the song, keep in mind that it is not over yet. 

You need to go back to the very beginning of the music and play until you see the word Fine.

d.c. al fine definition

Fine

The English translation of Fine is “end”. This is the actual stopping point of the piece.  You will most likely see a final double bar line located here also.

This is the real ending, so it is important to repeat back to the beginning and play until you see the word Fine.

The 3 Step Process

Playing music that includes a D.C. al Fine is as easy as 3 steps:

  1. Play through to the end (or what appears to be the end at first).  Sometimes, this means playing all the way to the end of the page.
  2. Return to the beginning and keep playing repeating the first part of the music you have already played.
  3. Continue playing until you see the word Fine.  This is the real ending.  Now, you can finally stop playing.

That’s it!  See, it’s not as hard as you might think.

Practice

Hopefully, with this D.C. al Fine definition, you will know exactly what to do when you see it. 

Pull out some music containing these Italian words and use the 3 step process to practice figuring out exactly what you would do in your music while playing.

Hint

Before you start playing a piece of music you have never read before, stop and take a moment to look for directional music words like these. 

Decide exactly what you need to do first before you start playing. Believe me, you’ll be glad you did!


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13 Replies to “D.C. al Fine Definition And The 3 Step Process”

Thank you for your excellent explanation of D.C. al Fine. I’m pretty ignorant when it comes to music theory. Just one question… If a tune has four verses and a chorus/bridge do you follow the D.C. al Fine directions on just the 4th verse or for each of the 4 verses?

Hi David – If the D.C. al Fine is listed at the end of the 4th verse, then you would just go back to the beginning and play/sing until the Fine after the 4th verse only.

George Basley

My dilemma is a bit different. When I read D.S.al Fine there is no doubt where to go back to…just look for the big “S” sign, however D.C. or the word “beginning” can become confusing when the song has some type of “intro” section. Can you clearly define “beginning” for me as it would apply in this notation?

Hi George, the beginning means the very beginning. This would include the introduction if there is one included. If they don’t want the introduction repeated, then the composer will use repeats with 1st and 2nd endings which tell the performer what section is to be repeated. Read about 1st and 2nd Endings to see if this helps.

Beginning–D.C. al Fine–Beginning–Fine. Thanks.

Michael

Fabulous site! I bookmarked it and will explore it thoroughly when I get a chance again. I’m a experienced musician and find the material rigorous, yet user-friendly and most definitely accessible and lucid. Thanks a mil!

Michael Schulman

Thanks a mil for the site! Really helpful in reviewing codas. Thorough, rigorous, yet lucid and accessible. I’m an experienced piano player who is always educating himself. I will definitely be back to review some more material.

Maryann

Thanks a lot for the definition but I still need help .My music I s a bit different bc there is 8 measures after it says fine and at the very end it also says D.C. al Fine

Maryann

What do I do after that?

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