How loud or soft you play music is represented with dynamic signs. These a symbols that appear as 1 or 2 letters combined together in your music. Each sign represents a musical term in Italian.
Dynamic signs are symbols found throughout your music that tells us the volume, or how loud or soft the music should be played. You will find most of these musical terms written in the Italian Language. Why is that? Italian composers were some of the first people to include “volume instructions” in their music.